Setting up the sample Azure bot to work locally with the bot emulator

In this article I will demonstrate how to configure your local development environment to work with the environmental variables set up within your Azure environment in the sample bot previously discussed,


In the previous article we looked at how to create a sample azure bot and then how to configure it in VSTS for continuous integration. If you want to develop with this sample locally you will need to set it up to work with the local bot emulator. (What is Bot Builder for Node.js and why should I use it?). To be able to do this you will have to configure your local development environment to use the process.env variables which are picked up within the azure runtime environment.


process.env is how environmental variables are passed into a node development environment. They are especially important when it comes to keeping secret keys secret. We have to make sure that they are not included in the git repository and are not available to the end user. You can learn more about process.env in the nodejs documentation.

Using dotenv

I like to use the dotenv nodejs package to handle local env variables to just read my variables locally from a .env file. If you look at the package.json for the example project, turns out so does microsoft 😉

  "dependencies": {
    "azure-storage": "^1.3.2",
    "botbuilder": "^3.4.2",
    "botbuilder-azure": "0.0.1",
    "dotenv": "^4.0.0"

When I clone the VSTS repo locally and run it – nothing seems to happen…..and that’s because I do not have any local env variables….

var useEmulator = (process.env.NODE_ENV == 'development');

if (useEmulator) {
    var restify = require('restify');
    var server = restify.createServer();
    server.listen(3978, function() {
        console.log('test bot endpont at http://localhost:3978/api/messages');
    });'/api/messages', connector.listen());    
} else {
    module.exports = { default: connector.listen() }

So we can use a .env file locally in the root of the project and then require it in my code. The .env file contains nothing more that NODE_ENV = ‘development’ right now.

NOTE: To make sure this is not pushed up to the repo – add *.env to your .gitignore file.

We now have a web server running (nice typo MS 😉 ).

Bot Emulator

Once you download and install the bot emulator you can configure it as per the instructions to run a simple bot without issue. This does not work once you have a bot running in Azure. The sample I created uses multiple Azure services and you can see them being called as the environmental variables in the code.


var connector = useEmulator ? new builder.ChatConnector() : new botbuilder_azure.BotServiceConnector({
    appId: process.env['MicrosoftAppId'],
    appPassword: process.env['MicrosoftAppPassword'],
    stateEndpoint: process.env['BotStateEndpoint'],
    openIdMetadata: process.env['BotOpenIdMetadata']

Unfortunately when I load up the emulator – as you can see above “new builder.ChatConnector” does not pass in any environmental variables. I then get the following error in the console

The appId is undefined as it is not being passed into the application.

The ApplicationId and secret key were given to you when you created the bot in the first place – if you didn’t write them down, you’re going to be regretting that decision right now….

We need to modify the ChatConnector request to pass in the necessary variables, and we also need to add those variables to the .env file.


var connector = useEmulator ? new builder.ChatConnector({
        appId: process.env['MicrosoftAppId'], //new param
        appPassword: process.env['MicrosoftAppPassword']  //new param
    }) : new botbuilder_azure.BotServiceConnector({
    appId: process.env['MicrosoftAppId'],
    appPassword: process.env['MicrosoftAppPassword'],
    stateEndpoint: process.env['BotStateEndpoint'],
    openIdMetadata: process.env['BotOpenIdMetadata']

Refreshing the bot emulator, we start to get somewhere

and then it dies when we try and talk to it (doh)

Azure Storage Credentials

The problem is that this chat example uses the Azure Storage Service (to make the Azure Function part of the example work). So we have to add the AzureWebJobsStorage environmental variable to our .env file.


var queueSvc = azure.createQueueService(process.env.AzureWebJobsStorage);

You can find this connection key in your Azure portal > Storage Service > Access Keys

The format for the .env file entry  is as follows (Running Azure Functions Locally with the CLI and VS Code): AzureWebJobsStorage=’DefaultEndpointsProtocol=https;AccountName=storagename;AccountKey=secretKey’

Once that is in place – we have a bot running locally talking to the bot framework – unfortunately we do not get a response back from the Azure Function….

Azure Function debugging…..

The problem quite simply is that the message sent to the azure function contains a serviceURL from which it should respond – and in this case it is ” serviceUrl: ‘http://localhost:63136′,” and of course it has no idea what that is.

For the sake of this blog post that is ok – we are at least up and running with the “bot” part of this emulator working, although somewhat disappointing it can’t be fully developed in this environment.


As part of this process we have seen how to connect the local bot emulator to a service running in Azure and how to incorporate a connection to Azure Functions.




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